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Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: PLT & THT clips

Posted by: Jack Mankin (MrBatspeed@aol.com) on Thu Sep 13 14:17:58 2007

Hi Tom

In your post above, you present an excellent description of the mechanical principles found in all high level swings. I would also like to thank you for providing the links to the Nyman simulations below. I have studied those simulations and will give a couple of my takes on his test and conclusions.

First, I must say that I wish I had acquired the program Paul used long ago. It would have been of great value to simulate the physics principles of CHP, BHT and THT. I think Paul did a good job with his first two simulations (below) where he shows the angular acceleration of the bat induced from the double pendulum effect (or flail if you wish) when the hands are propelled in a circular path.

Nymanís First Simulation
Second Simulation

Paulís third simulation, where he attempts to show the effect on the batís trajectory from adding torque, is highly misleading. It also demonstrates his lack of understanding of the principles involved in applying torque at the handle.

For torque applied at the handle to induce rotation about a point (between the hands), only the vectored forces applied by the hands that are perpendicular to the length of the bat are a factor. When the forces of both hands are directed down the length of the bat, as in Paulís simulation, there are no force vectors that are perpendicular to the length of the bat and therefore, as the swing is being initiated, no torque is being applied at the handle.

As his simulation shows, torque is not a factor in inducing bat rotation until the bat has rotate so that the direction force of the hands are no longer inline with the length of the bat. In his simulation, this does not occur to any appreciable degree until the bat rotated 30+ degrees. Ė As an example: when the length of the bat has rotated 45 degrees, about half of the vectored force of the hands are directed down itsí length and half are directed perpendicular to the handle. With this simulation, maximum torque is not realized until the batís length approaches 90 degrees. That is the point where close to 100 percent of the forces applied by the hands are perpendicular.

Instead of Paul calling this a simulation of THT, it would have been more accurate to label it ďKnob to the Ball.Ē With Ďknob to the ballí, the forces of the hands are directed down the length of the bat and good bat speed is not attained until late in the swing.

With THT, the force of the top-hand is not driving forward as his simulation shows. The top-hand is pulling rearward and perpendicular to the batís length. With efficient transfer mechanics, the direction of forces of the hands are always opposing and remain directed perpendicular to the handle from initiations to contact.

Third Simulation

Tom, I am sure a great number of players and coaches have seen Paulís simulation of THT. I am starting this topic as a new thread so that some of them have a chance to read my reply.

Jack Mankin


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